The history of electronic music
But electronic music owes its appearance to otnyut not DJ and musicians and staff in different scientific laboratories experimenting with sound waves.
The world of electronic music is in constant motion and its modifications are directly linked with technological progress….
The history of electronic music can be seen as a parallel development of the respective musical tools, instruments and fixtures. On this basis, it can be argued that electronic music in 2010 celebrates 140 years!
The ancestor of today’s electrical rhythms can be called the German physicist Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821-1894). In 1860 he published a work “SENSATIONS OF TONE” — practical insights and analysis of their own research in the field of electromagnetic vibrations. They constructed an electrically operated device called “Helmholtz Resonator”.
The list of landmark inventions that have influenced the development of electronic music:
- 1870 — the first electronic instruments, using different techniques of sound generation “Telharmonium and Chorelcello” ( William Duddell and Elisha Grey, USA).
- 1876 — an electromagnetic device with two octaves piano keyboard and built-in speaker “Musical Telegraph” American scientist Elisha Gray.
- 1897 — the first complete polyphonic electronic tool “Dynamophone/Telharmonium”, a huge design that uses a 145 modified dynamos. In a further simplified version of these projects was used in the famous Hammond organ. (Thaddeus Cahill, USA).
- 1888/1908 — electronic/electro-acoustic instrument “Choralcello Electric Organ”, is almost a modified a modified version of the project “Telharmonium” (Melvin Severy and his brother George B. Sinclair. USA).
- 1899 — incredible work with street gas lamps, which create a “Singing Arc”, the device that controls the change in the voltage amplitude and frequency characteristics of the sound (William Du Bois Duddell, France).
- 1913/1922/1931 — “Intonorumori, Rumorarmonio and Enharmonic Piano”. Of the Italian futurist artist and musician Luigi Russolo (with Marinetti and Piatti), whose technical and musical creations continue to influence many composers today. Among Frank “copycats” of his work can be called the best man Pierre (Pierre Schaefer), John cage (John Cage) and Edgar Varese (Edgar Varese).
- 1915 — the first electric musical instrument in the vacuum tubes “Audion Piano”, operating on the principle of frequency modulation (Lee De Forest, France).
- 1916 — the first electron-optical instrument “Optophonic Piano” that uses the technique of painted glass disks, mirrors, lenses and filters (futurist painter, musician Dmitry Baranov-Roshchin, Ukraine/France)
- 1917/1932 “Rhythmicon”, “Terpistone”, “ThereminCello”, “Theremin” (still had the name “Aetherophone”). Fantastic inventions of the Soviet scientist Lev Sergeyevich Termen, based on frequency modulation.
- 1921/1930 — “Electrophon”, “Spheraphon”, “Partiturophon” and “Kaleidophon” (German musician, specializing in microtonal music Joerg Mager).
- 1926 — tube polyphonic electronic musical instrument occupies “Pianorad” (modified “Staccatone”), which is used today(!) (Clyde Finch, Laboratory of “Radio News”, USA).
- 1930 — the first electronic rhythm machine, created with the use of the development of Lev term “Rhythmicon”or ” Polyrhythmophone”.
- 1930 — mono vacuum-tube electronic instrument with a long keyboard, could “speak” the likeness of the words “mom” and “dad”. (Nikolai Ananiev, USSR).
- 1931/1936 — the “Radio Organ of a Trillion Tones”, used the technique of rotation of the PV disk and rays of light. In the future, this principle is called “Polytone” (A. Lesti and F. Sammis, United States).
- 1932 — the device, used the method of optical synthesis “Variophone” (Eugene Solo, USSR)
- 1932 — tube tool “Emiriton”, created on the basis of the Theremin (A. Ivanov and A. Rimsky-Korsakov, USSR).
- 1935 — the legendary organ “Hammond”. Reduced and modified the design of the device “Telharmonium” (Laurens Hammond, USA).
- 1939/1940 — the first instrument of analysis and reproductions sound “Speech Synthesisers”, “The Vocoder” and “Voder” (physicist Homer Dudley of Bell Laboratories USA).
- Next was Milan, the Studio of Electronic Music by Luciano Berio (Berio, Luciano), the Moscow Studio of Electronic Music of Yevgeny Murzin, Moog (Robert Moog) and the mighty “Synclavier” and “Fairlight” and so on.
The situation changed little after the birth of several projects wholly electronic groups that brought electronics to the mass listener.
A certain elitism and the label “not for all” was this music and its many manifestations, almost always.
The 70s was the springboard psychedelic moods in the musical culture as a whole. Illusory, futuristic worlds equally preached as the fatal bands, and electronic performers. Electronics became translated into a more comprehensible for the rhythms and harmony of the electro-pop projects (Kraftwerk, Telex, Alphaville, Rockets, etc.).
In the mid – ‘ 70s music scene is sharply deflected to the side easy beautiful “disco” that influenced many serious genres.
Hundreds, thousands, perhaps even millions of homegrown composers of a computer-saturated world of the Internet its often homemade crafts, starting with classic ending with urban electronics. Primitive and powerful music and computer programs allow today any more or less owns the relevant skills to be creative.
Electronic music is fully open during club gigs, not home speakers.