History of Music Part 2

History of Music Part 2

Music is an art from ancient time. The definition of music varies according to the country, culture, and social structure. Ancient Greek and Indian philosopher defined music as tone. Music can be also determined that creates musical sounds. There is a lot of argument on the definition of music. There is a lot of classification of music. If we analyse the music history ,we see that During the ancient time ,music was not only an important part of social life & cultural life but also in education life .the people of ancient Greece teach their boys on music starting at age six. That time musicians and singers played at significant role in Greek theater. Introduction of chanting started into Roman Catholic Church service during the medieval era (476 A.D – 1400 A.D.).During that time western music started consisting more of an art form with the advance in music notation. During the 14th century, Europe was secular. Renaissance music was more focused on secular themes (c.1400 A.D to 1600 A.D). Music played an important role in daily life. A lot of musicians worked for church, courts, & other place. Many important composers came from Holland, Belgium, northern France, Germany, England & Spain. In the middle of the 15th century, Musician used a smooth polyphony for sacred musical compositions.

The era of Baroque music began between the years (1600 to 1750) when the first operas were written & several major music forms were defined. It is called that the music of the classical period was between the years 1750 A.D to 1830 A.D .New genres were discovered by composer & musician. The sonata was the important & developed form. It has a light and clear structure. Importance was also given to instrumental music .public concerts one of the most important evolutionary steps in the classical period. During the Baroque era and classical era, Improvisation was an important skill. But it played a smaller role in western art music. The rigid form & the styles of the classical era turn into more passionate and expressive during the Romantic music (c.1810 A.D to 19 00 A.D.).

Musicians attempted to increase Romantic love & emotional expression. Many existing function, genres & forms were improved. It was important to have contextual knowledge about performing styles from the 17th to 19th century .musician tried to know how to add appropriate ornament. Jazz is an American musical art form that an important genre of music of the 20th century.

Rock music is also genre of popular music that developed the 20th century. But there are many type of music in the world .the type of music depends on country, culture, Religion & other objects. Different musical traditions have different attitudes, such as traditional blues and folk music. This type of music was originally preserved in the memory of performer. But Jazz music genres almost always indicate only the basic framework of the melody, Harmony or performance approach. Popular style s of music varied widely from period to period, from country to country and culture to culture. Different cultures played different instruments, or techniques for music. Asian music covers the music cultures East Asia, central Asia, south Asia, and Southeast Asia. It is found from music history that Indian classical music is one of the oldest traditions in the world .various types of stringed instruments and Drums have recovered from Harappa and Mohenjo Daro. This type of music is called Hindustani music. Hindustani music was influenced by Persian music. China Music is also the traditional music in the world. It has its own unique systems of musical notation & a history over three thousand years. Many musical instrument and styles new genres were discovered by Chinese . Moreover,  musician and composer composed and performed the music for many purposes, such as pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes and as an entertainment product for the marketplace. Professional musicians derived their income from music. But amateur musician did not do this. They composed and performed music for their own pleasure. We see in the music history that music has been used not only for entertainment or ceremonies but also for propaganda.